In the beginning there were no paths. Just patches of grass flatted down after being walked on repeatedly. Urbanization was not as rife as it is now. People just walked wherever and whenever amount the prickly bushes and shrubs nature sprouted up. All of that ended when one individual decided that their pain when walking had to end. They probably began to uproot the plants along the path or route they took often. From there others may have followed suit, uprooting plants along their favorite pathways. A eureka moment would have occurred when some decided that all these roads will need to be maintained for these distant wanderers. From here innovation would thrive and grow to bring the complex roads we have today.
When horse drawn carriages and wheels came to be used in day to day civilization these men made dug out and round roads where not sustainable especially in western European countries that experience a maritime climate of frequent rain and less sun throughout the year. The dust roads would then become gigantic unit-mud streams. This issue was obviously quickly conquered by those within the Asian continent with the first sightings of paved roads being observed there from 4000 BC. This indicated a strong level of social development. This gave rise to major trade routes including the Silk Road. The Silk Route was over 8000 miles long and crossed over most of Asia reaching Arabia, Egypt and Span. Another road was called the Amber Route. The Amber route only went between Afghanistan through to Egypt.
Later, towards the 18th century the Britons of England the industrialization of roads began thanks to former stone mason and engineers Thomas Telford and John Loudon McAdam. They used materials such as gravel and cement to create the roads. As roads became modernized turnpikes then began to appear. Individuals would build roads and block them off making people pay to go through. This gave rise to higher quality roads being built due to the initial cots being quickly covered and a lot of profit being made as time went by.
Nowadays building roads to be used by millions is a complex and costly project that can easily attain a minimum cost of $2 million climbing all the way up to $8 billion. The world’s most expensive road cost $8 billion is in Russia.
Many complex issues and factors come with the building of new roads. The rise of autonomous vehicles or self-driving vehicles is a principle issue that arises with the construction of roads nowadays. Self-driving vehicles use sensors to monitor their surroundings. At some point in the future, adding more lanes to highways will be a very viable option with self-driving cars being able to drive closer to each other.
The road’s we travel may not have undergone a lot of development to go from a dust road to the tar path’s we use but the immense level of history they carry is manifold.